Jacqueline M. Grebmeier

Ph.D., 1987, University of Alaska Fairbanks



MAJOR RESEARCH INTERESTS

Dr. Grebmeier's oceanographic research interests are related to pelagic-benthic coupling, benthic carbon cycling, and benthic faunal population structure in the marine environment. Over the last 25 years, her field research program in the Arctic has focused on such topics as understanding how water column processes influence biological productivity in Arctic waters and sediments, how materials are exchanged between the sea bed and overlying waters, and documenting longer-term trends in ecosystem health of Arctic continental shelves. Some of her research projects have included analyses of the importance of benthic organisms to higher levels of the Arctic food web, including walrus, gray whale, and diving sea ducks, and studies of radionuclide distributions in sediments and within the water column in the Arctic as a whole. In other work, she has studied the influence of oceanographic processes on benthic communities in Antarctica, chemical exchange at hydrothermal vents systems in the equatorial eastern Pacific Ocean, and the transport and fate of materials in melted snow in Arctic tundra in the Brooks Range foothills. Further information on her research and outreach efforts can be found at http://arctic.cbl.umces.edu.

Dr. Grebmeier has served on a number of advisory and review committees to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Polar Research Board, National Science Foundation (NSF), National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and Fish and Wildlife Service. She also served as project director and chief scientist for a National Science Foundation and Office of Naval Research supported field research program in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas that investigated the exchange of materials between the continental shelves and the deeper Arctic basin in the context of global change (Shelf-Basin Interactions Phase II, 2001-2007). Other coordinated research efforts have included the Russian-American Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA), supported by NOAA and the Chukchi Sea Offshore Monitoring in Drilling Area (COMIDA) program, supported by the US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, the Bering Sea Program, supported by the NSF and the North Pacific Research Board, and the internationally coordinated Distributed Biological Observatory in the Arctic.

Professionally, Dr. Grebmeier received a Bachelor of Science in Zoology from the University of California, Davis in 1977 and went on to receive Masters Degrees in Biology from Stanford University in 1979, and in Marine Affairs from the University of Washington in 1983, specializing in applications of Arctic science to Arctic resource utilization policy. She received a Ph.D. in Biological Oceanography from the University of Alaska Fairbanks in 1987. Following service as a postdoctoral associate of the University of Southern California from 1987-1988, she then affiliated with the University of Tennessee in 1989. She was appointed a research professor at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Sciences (Chesapeake Biological Laboratory) in 2008, her current position. She was appointed by President Clinton as a member of the United States Arctic Research Commission in 2000-2003, and by the National Academies to the U.S. Polar Research Board from 2003-2006. She became the U.S. delegate and one of 4 Vice-Presidents on the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) in 2006 (through 2014). She remains an ex-officio member of the Polar Research Board based upon her status as the U.S. delegate to IASC, which coordinates Arctic research planning on an international basis.

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS:

  • Grebmeier JM, McRoy CP, Feder HM (1988) Pelagic-benthic coupling on the shelf of the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas. I. Food supply source and benthic biomass Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 48:57-67.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., H.M. Feder, and C.P. McRoy (1989). Pelagic-benthic coupling on the shelf of the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas. II. Benthic community structure. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 51:253-268.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. and C.P. McRoy (1989). Pelagic-benthic coupling on the shelf of the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas. III. Benthic food supply and carbon cycling. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 53:79-91.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. (1990). Radionuclide tracers and sediment respiration used to identify potential contamination zones on the Alaskan shelf in response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. In: P.R. Carlson and E. Reimnitz, eds. Bottom Sediment Along Oil Spill Trajectory in Prince William Sound and Along Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 90-39, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., L.W. Cooper, and M.J. DeNiro (1990). Oxygen isotope composition of bottom seawater and tunicate cellulose used as indicators of water masses in the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas. Limnol. Oceanogr. 35:1178-1191.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. and J.P. Barry (1991). The influence of oceanographic processes on pelagic-benthic coupling in polar regions: a benthic perspective. Journal of Marine Systems 2:495-518.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. (1992). Studies of pelagic-benthic coupling extended onto the Soviet continental shelf in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. Cont. Shelf Res. 13: 653-668.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. (1992). Benthic processes on the shallow continental shelf of the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas, pp. 243-251. In: P.A. Nagel (ed) Results of the Third Joint US-USSR Bering & Chukchi Seas Expedition (BERPAC), Summer 1988. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC.
  • Olsen, C.R., I.L. Larsen, P.J. Mulholland, K. L. Von Damm, J.M. Grebmeier, L.C. Schaffner, R.J. Diaz, M.N Nichols (1993). The concept of an equilibrium surface applied to particle sources and contaminant distributions in estuarine sediments. Estuaries 16:683-696.
  • Haymon, R.M., Fornari, D.J., Von Damm, K.L., Lilley, M.D., Perfit, M.R., Edmond, J.M., Shanks, W.C., Lutz, R.A., Grebmeier, J.M., Carbotte, S., Wright, D., McLaughlin,E., Smith, M., Beedle, N. and Olson, E. (1993). Volcanic eruption of the mid-ocean ridge along the East Pacific rise crest at 9°45-52'N: I. Direct submersible observations of seafloor phenomena associated with an eruption event in April, 1991. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 119:85-101.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. and L.W. Cooper (1994). A decade of benthic research on the continental shelves of the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas: Lessons learned. In: R.H Meehan, V. Sergienko, and G. Weller, eds. Bridges of Science between North America and the Russian Far East, pp 87-98, Arctic Division, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. and L.W. Cooper (1995). Influence of the St. Lawrence Island polynya on the Bering Sea benthos. Journal of Geophysical Research 100:4439-4460.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., W.O. Smith and R.B. Conover (1995). Biological processes on Arctic continental shelves: ice-ocean-biotic interactions. Pp. 231-261 In: W.O. Smith and J.M. Grebmeier (Eds.), Arctic Oceanography: Marginal Zones and Continental Shelves. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.
  • Cooper, L.W., Grebmeier, J.M., Larsen, I.L., Solis, C., and Olsen, C.R. (1995). Evidence for re-distribution of cesium-137 in Alaskan tundra, lake and marine sediments, Science of the Total Environment 160/161: 295-306.
  • Von Damm, K.L., Oosting, S.E., Kozlowski, R., Buttermore, L.G., Colodner, D.C., Edmonds, H.N., Edmond, J.M., and Grebmeier, J.M. (1995). Evolution of East Pacific Rise hydrothermal vent fluids following a volcanic eruption. Nature 375: 47-50.
  • Cooper, L.W., I.L. Larsen, C. Solis, J.M. Grebmeier, C.R. Olsen, D.K. Solomon, and R.B. Cook (1996). Isotopic Tracers for Investigating Hydrologic Processes, pp. 165-182, in J.F. Reynolds and J.D. Tenhunen, (eds) Landscape Function: Implications for Ecosystem Response to Disturbance, A Case Study in the Arctic, , Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Francis, R.C., L.G. Anderson, W.D. Bowen, S.K. Davis, J.M. Grebmeier, L.F. Lowry, I. Merculieff, N. Mirovitskaya, C.H. Peterson, C. Pungowiyi, T.C. Royer, A.M. Springer, and W.S. Wooster (1996). The Bering Sea Ecosystem, Committee on the Bering Sea Ecosystem, Polar Research Board, National Resarch Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., and T.E. Whitledge (eds), (1996). Arctic System Science Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions Biological Initiative in the Arctic: Shelf-Basin Interactions Workshop, ARCSS/OAII Report Number 4, University of Washington, Seattle, 39 pgs.
  • Beasley, T.M., L.W. Cooper, J.M. Grebmeier, L.R. Kilius, and H.A. Synal (1997). 36Cl and 129I in the Yenesei, Kolyma and Mackenzie Rivers, 1993. Environmental Science and Technology 31: 1834-1836.
  • Cooper, L.W., T.T. Whitledge, J.M. Grebmeier, and T. Weingartner (1997). Nutrient, salinity and stable oxygen isotope composition of Bering and Chukchi Sea in and around the Bering Strait. Journal of Geophysical Research 102: 12,563-12,574.
  • Cooper, L.W., I.L. Larsen, T.M. Beasley, S.S. Dolvin, J.M. Grebmeier, J.M. Kelly, M. Scott, and A. Johnson-Pyrtle (1998). The distribution of radiocesium and plutonium in sea ice-entrained Arctic sediments in relation to potential sources and sinks. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 39, 279-303.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., T.E. Whitledge, L.A. Codispoti, K.H. Dunton, J.J. Walsh, T.J. Weingartner, and P.A. Wheeler (eds.) (1998) Arctic System Science Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions Science Plan, ARCSS/OAII Report Number 7, Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA, 65 pp.
  • Aaagard, K., D.Darby, K.Falkner, G.Flato, J.Grebmeier, C.Measures, and J. Walsh (1999). Marine Science in the Arctic: A Strategy. Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS), Fairbanks.
  • Cooper, L.W., T.M. Beasley, K. Aagaard, J.M. Kelley, I.L. Larsen, and J.M. Grebmeier (1999). Distributions of Nuclear Fuel-reprocessing Tracers in the Arctic Ocean: Indications of Russian river influence. Journal of Marine Research 57, 715-738.
  • DiTullio, G.R., J. Grebmeier, K. R. Arrigo, M. P. Lizotte, D. H. Robinson, A. Leventer, J. Barry, M. VanWoert, and R.B. Dunbar (2000). Rapid and early export of Phaeocystis antarctica blooms in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Nature 404, 595-598.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., and K.H. Dunton (2000). Benthic Processes in the Northern Bering/Chukchi Seas: Status and Global Change, in H.P. Huntington (ed), Impacts of Changes in Sea Ice and Other Environmental Parameters in the Arctic, Marine Mammal Commission Workshop, Girdwood, Alaska , 15-17 February 2000, pg. 80-93.
  • Grebmeier, et al. (SBI Science Steering Committee) (2001). Arctic System Science Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions (SBI) Phase II Implementation Plan, SBI Project Office, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 41 pp.
  • Cooper, L.W., G.H. Hong, T.M. Beasley, and J.M. Grebmeier (2001) Iodine-129 concentrations in marginal seas of the north Pacific and Pacific-influenced waters of the Arctic Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin 42, 1347-1356.
  • Cooper, L.W., J.M. Grebmeier, I.L. Larsen, V.G. Egorov, C. Theodorakis, and H.P. Kelly, J.R. Lovvorn (2002), Seasonal Variation in Sedimentation of Organic Materials in the St. Lawrence Island Polynya Region, Bering Sea; Marine Ecology Progress Series 226: 13-26.
  • Grebmeier, J.M.. 2003. The Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions, pg. 24-36. Arctic Research of the U.S., Washington, D.C.
  • Barry, J.P., J.M. Grebmeier, J.Smith and R.B. Dunbar (2003) Oceanographic versus seafloor-habitat control of benthic megafaunal communities in the S.W. Ross Sea, Antarctica. In: (G.R. Ditullio, and R.B. Dunbar, ed): Biogeochemical Cycles in the Ross Sea, Antarctic Research Series 87:327-353.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., G.R. DiTullio, J.P. Barry and L.W. Cooper (2003), Benthic Carbon Cycling in the Ross Sea Polynya, Antarctica: Benthic Community Metabolism and Sediment Tracers. In: (G.R. Ditullio, and R.B. Dunbar, ed): Biogeochemical Cycles in the Ross Sea, Antarctic Research Series 87:313-326.
  • Lovvorn J.R., S. E. Richman, J.M. Grebmeier, L.W. Cooper (2003) Diet and Body Condition of Spectacled Eiders in Pack Ice of the Bering Sea, Polar Biology 26: 259-26.
  • Moore, S.E., J.M. Grebmeier, and J.R. Davis (2003), Gray whale distribution relative to forage habitat in the northern Bering Sea: current conditions and retrospective summary, Canadian Journal of Zoology 81(4):734-742.
  • Simpkins, M.A., L.M. Hiruki-Raring, G.Sheffield, J.M. Grebmeier, J.L. Bengston (2003), Habitat selection by ice-associated pinnipeds near St. Lawrence Island, Alaska, Polar Biology. 26 (9), 577-586.
  • Clement, J.L., L.W. Cooper, and J.M. Grebmeier (2004), Late-winter water column and sea ice conditions in the northern Bering Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 109, C03022, doi:10.1029/2003JC002047, 2004.
  • Naidu, A.S., L. W. Cooper, J. M. Grebmeier T. E. Whitledge, and M.J. Hameedi (2004) The Continental Margin of the North Bering-Chukchi Sea: Distribution, Sources, Fluxes, and Burial Rates of Organic Carbon, pp. 193-203 in R. Stein and R.W. Macdonald (Eds.), The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Clement J.L., Maslowski W., Cooper L.W., Grebmeier J.M. & Walczowski W. (2005) Ocean circulation and exchanges through the northern Bering Sea: 1979-2001 model results. Deep-Sea Res II, 52: 3509-3540.
  • Cooper L.W., Larsen I.L., Grebmeier J.M. & Moran S.B. (2005) Rapid deposition of sea ice-rafted material to the Arctic Ocean benthos demonstrated using the cosmogenic tracer 7Be. Deep-Sea Res II, 52: 3452-3461.
  • Cooper L.W., Benner R., McClelland J.W., Peterson B.J., Holmes R.M., Raymond P.A., Hansell D.A., Grebmeier J.M. & Codispoti L.A. (2005) Linkages among runoff, dissolved organic carbon, and the stable isotope composition of seawater and other water mass indicators in the Arctic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 110, No. G2, G0201310.1029/2005JG000031.
  • Dunton, K.H, Goodall, J.L., Schonberg, S.V., Grebmeier, J.M., & Maidment, D.R. (2005) Multi-decadal synthesis of benthic-pelagic coupling in the western arctic: role of cross-shelf advective processes. Deep-Sea Res II, 52: 3462-3477.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., and H.R. Harvey (2005). The Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions (SBI) Project: an overview. Deep-Sea Res II, 52: 3109-3115.
  • Lovvorn, J.R., L.W. Cooper, M.L. Brooks, C. C. DeRuyck, J.K. Bump, and J.M. Grebmeier ( 2005). Organic matter pathways to zooplankton and benthos under pack ice in late winter and open water in late summer in the north-central Bering Sea. Marine Ecology-Pregress Series, 291: 135-150.
  • Moran S.B., P. Kelly, Hagstrom K., Smith J.N., Grebmeier J.M., Cooper L.W., Cota G.F., Walsh J.J., Bates N.R., Hansell D.A. & Maslowski W. (2005) Seasonal changes in POC export flux in the Chukchi Sea and implications for water column-benthic coupling in Arctic shelves. Deep Sea Research II, 52: 3427-3452.
  • Walsh, J.J., Dieterle, D.A., Maslowski, W., Grebmeier, J.M., Whitledge, T.E., Flint, M., Sukhanova, I.N., Bates, N., Cota, C.F., Stockwell, D., Moran, S.B., Hansell, D.A., and McRoy, C.P. (2005) A Numerical Model of Seasonal Primary Production within the Chukchi/Beaufort Seas, Deep-Sea Res II, 52: 3541-3570.
  • Cooper, L.W. L.A. Codispoti, V. Kelly, G.G. Sheffield, and J.M. Grebmeier (2006), The potential for using Little Diomede Island as a platform for observing environmental conditions in Bering Strait. Arctic, 59: 129-141.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., J.E. Overland, S.E. Moore, E.V. Farley, E.C. Carmack, L.W. Cooper, K.E. Frey, J.H. Helle, F.A. McLaughlin, and S.L.. McNutt (2006), A Major Ecosystem Shift Observed in the Northern Bering Sea, Science 311: 1461-1464.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., L.W. Cooper, H.M. Feder, and B.I Sirenko (2006). Ecosystem Dynamics of the Pacific-Influenced Northern Bering and Chukchi Seas. Progress in Oceanography, 71: 331-361.
  • Lalande, C., K. Lepore, L.W. Cooper, J.M. Grebmeier, S.B. Moran (2007).  Export fluxes of particulate organic carbon in the Chukchi Sea: A comparative study using  234Th/238U disequilibria and drifting sediment traps.  Marine Chemistry, 103, 185-196.
  • Lepore, K., S.B. Moran, J.M. Grebmeier, L.W. Cooper, C. Lalande, W. Maslowski, V. Hill, N.R. Bates, D.A. Hansell, J.T. Mathis, R.P. Kelly (2007), Seasonal and interannual changes in POC export and deposition in the Chukchi Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research , 112, C10024, doi:10.1029/2006JC003555, 2007
  • Grebmeier, J.M., and J.P. Barry (2007). Benthic processes in polynyas, pp. 363-390. In: W.O. Smith, Jr. and D.G. Barber (eds), Polynyas: Windows to the World, Elsevier Oceanography Series, Volume 74.
  • Lalande, C., J.M. Grebmeier, P. Wassman, L.W. Cooper, M.V. Flint, V.M. Sergeeva (2007).  Export fluxes of biogenic matter in the presence and absence of seasonal sea ice cover in the Chukchi Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 27, 2051-2065
  • Moore, S.E., K.E. Wynne, J. Clement-Kinney, and J.M. Grebmeier (2007). Gray whale occurrence and forage southeast of Kodiak, Island, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science, 23(2): 419-428.
  • Lalande, C., S.B. Moran, P. Wassmann, J.M. Grebmeier, L.W. Cooper, (2008).  234Th-derived particulate organic carbon fluxes in the northern Barents Sea with comparison to drifting sediment traps fluxes. Journal of Marine Systems, 73(1-2): 103-114, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.09.004
  • Pirtle-Levy, R., J.M. Grebmeier, L.W. Cooper, and I.L. Larsen, (2009). Chlorophyll a in Arctic sediments implies long persistence of algal pigments. Deep-Sea Research II, 56, 1326-1338.
  • Cooper, L.W., C. Lalande, R. Pirtle-Levy, I.L. Larsen, and J.M. Grebmeier, (2009). Seasonal and decadal shifts in particulate organic matter processing and sedimentation in the Bering Strait Shelf Region. Deep-sea Research II, 56, 1316-1325
  • Grebmeier, J.M., H.R. Harvey, and D.A. Stockwell, (2009). The Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions (SBI) project, volume II: An overview. Deep-Sea Research II, 56, 1137-1143.
  • Lovvorn, J. R., J.M. Grebmeier, L.W. Cooper, J.K. Bump, and J.G. Richman, (2009). Modeling marine protected areas for threatened eiders in a climatically shifting Bering Sea, Ecological Applications, 19(6), 1596-1613.
  • Ortiz, J.D., L. Polyak, J.M. Grebmeier, D. Darby, D. Eberl, S. Naidu, and N. Doron, (2009). Provenance of Holocene sediment on the Chukchi-Alaskan margin based on combined diffuse spectral reflectance and quantitative X-ray diffraction analysis. Global and Planetary Change HOTRAX special volume, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.03.020.
  • Sheffield, G., and J.M. Grebmeier, (2009). Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens): Differential prey digestion and diet. Marine Mammal Science, 25(4), 761-777.
  • Sukhanova, I.N., M.V. Flint, L.A. Pautova, D.A. Stockwell, J.M. Grebmeier, and V.M Sergeeva, (2009). Phytoplankton community composition in the Western Arctic during spring and summer 2002: structure and seasonal changes. Deep-Sea Research II, 56, 1223-1236.
  • Cui, X., J.M. Grebmeier, L. W. Cooper, J. R. Lovvorn, C. A. North, and J. M. Kolts, (2009).  Spatial distributions of groundfish in the northern Bering Sea in relation to environmental variation, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 393, 147-160. CBL Contribution No. 4417
  • Fabry, V.J., J.B. McClintock, J.T. Mathis, and J.M. Grebmeier, (2009). Ocean acidification at High Latitudes: The Bellwether. Oceanography 22(4), 160-171.
  • Grebmeier, J.M., (2009). Biological Implications of Change in Pacific-influenced Arctic Marine Ecosystems, American Society of Limonology and Oceanography Web-based Lecture Series, Invited e-lecture, available at:, http://doi:10:4319/lol.2009.jgrebmeier.1 (part of peer-reviewed lecture series at http://www.aslo.org/lectures/)
  • Cai, W.-J., L. Chen, B. Chen, Z. Gao, S.H. Lee, J. Chen, D. Pierrot, K. Sullivan,Y. Wang, X. Hu, W-J. Huang, Y.Zhang, S. Xu, A. Murata, J.M. Grebmeier, E. Peter Jones, and H. Zhang. (2010). Decrease in the CO2 uptake capacity in an ice-free Arctic Ocean Basin, Science 329, 556-559.  DOI: 10.1126/science.1189338.
  • Grebmeier, J.M, S.E. Moore, J.E. Overland, K.E. Frey, and R. Gradinger, (2010), Biological Response to Recent Pacific Arctic Sea Ice Retreats, Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union Vol. 91, No. 18, pg. 161-162.
  • Lovvorn, J.R., J.J. Wilson, D. McKay, J.K. Bump, L.W. Cooper, and J.M. Grebmeier, (2010). Walruses attack spectacled eiders wintering in pack ice of the Bering Sea, Arctic, 63 (1), 53-56.
  • Sergeeva, V.M, I.N. Sukhanova,, M.V. Flint, L.A. Pautova, J.M. Grebmeier, and L.W. Cooper, (2010). Phytoplankton community in the Western Arctic in July-August 2003. Oceanology 50(2), 184-197.
  • Zeng, Y, Z. Yang, B. Chen, J.M. Grebmeier, H. Li, Y.Yu, and T. Zheng. (2011). Phylogenetic diversity of sediment bacteria in the Northern Bering Sea. Polar Biology 34(6): 907-919, DOI 10.1007/s00300-010-0947-0.
  • Zeng, Y., Z. Yang, J.M. Grebmeier, J. Hi, and T. Zheng, (2011). Culture-independent and -dependent methods to investigate the diversity of planktonic bacteria in the northern Bering Sea.  Polar Biology 35: 117-129; DOI 10.1007/s00300-011-1044-8.
  • Piepenburg, D., P. Archambault, W.G. Ambrose Jr., A. Blanchard, B.A. Bluhm, M.L. Carroll, K.E. Conlan, M. Cusson, H.M. Feder, J.M. Grebmeier, S.C. Jewett, M. Lévesque, V.V. Petryashev, M.K. Sejr, B.I. Sirenko, M. Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, (2011). Towards a pan-Arctic inventory of the species diversity of the macro- and megabenthic fauna of the Arctic shelf seas. Marine Biodiversity 41:51–70, DOI 10.1007/s12526-010-0059-7.
  • Grebmeier, J.M. Biological community shifts in Pacific Arctic and sub-Arctic seas. (2012). Annual Review of Marine Science 4, 63-78. doi:10.114/annurev-marine-120710-100926. Download at: http://www.annualreviews.org/eprint/h5EEDPAXZTdyY6V5Tr9P/full/10.1146/annurev-marine-120710-100926
  • Doney, S.C., M. Ruckelshaus, J.E. Duffy, J.P. Barry, F. Chan, C.A. English, H.M. Galindo, J.M. Grebmeier, A.B. Hollowed, N. Knowlton, J. Polovina, N.N. Rabalais, W.J. Sydeman, and L.D. Talley, (2012). Climate change impacts on marine ecosystems, 2012, Annual Review of Marine Science 4, 11-37. doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-041911-111611. Download at: http://www.annualreviews.org/eprint/fzUZd7Z748TeHmB7p8cn/full/10.1146/annurev-marine-041911-111611
  • Cooper, L.W., M. Janout, K.E. Frey, R. Pirtle-Levy, M. Guarinello, J.M. Grebmeier, and J.R. Lovvorn. (2012).  The relationship between chlorophyll biomass, water mass variation, and sea ice melt timing in the northern Bering Sea. Deep-Sea Research, special issue BEST program (in press).


Contact Information:

Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, PO Box 38, 1 Williams Street, Solomons, MD 20688
ph. (410) 326-7334, FAX: (410) 326-7024, Email: jgrebmei "at" cbl.umces.edu "at": use @


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